Colon Cancer

What is Colon Cancer?

Most colon cancers develop first as colon polyps, which are abnormal growths inside the colon or rectum that may later become cancerous. Polyps can be found by screening, such as colonoscopy, and can be removed before they turn into cancer.

Who's At Risk?

You could be at a higher risk of developing colon cancer if you have:

  • Family or personal history of colon polyps or colon cancer1
  • Diagnosed with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease or genetic conditions like Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer (HNPCC) or Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)1
  • Lifestyle factors such as high-fat and low-fiber diet, alcohol use, tobacco use, lack of regular exercise, and not consuming enough fruits and vegetables

Prevalence

Black men and women are 20% more likely to develop colon cancer compared to Whites, Asians, Hispanics and American Indians1	Once diagnosed with colon cancer, Black men and women have a 45% higher chance of dying of the disease<sup>1</sup> Black men and women are 20% more likely to develop colon cancer compared to Whites, Asians, Hispanics and American Indians1	Once diagnosed with colon cancer, Black men and women have a 45% higher chance of dying of the disease<sup>1</sup>

REFERENCES

  1. Content and statistics provided by the Colon Cancer Alliance.