Pacemaker indications include: symptomatic paroxysmal or permanent second- or third-degree AV block; symptomatic bilateral bundle branch block; symptomatic paroxysmal or transient sinus node dysfunction with or without associated AV conduction disorders; bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome, to prevent symptomatic bradycardia or some forms of symptomatic tachyarrhythmias; neurovascular (vaso-vagal) syndromes or hypersensitive carotid sinus syndromes. Adaptive-rate pacing is indicated for patients who may benefit from increased pacing rates concurrent with increases in minute ventilation and/or level of physical activity. Pacemakers’ dual-chamber and atrial tracking modes are also indicated for patients who may benefit from maintenance of AV synchrony. Dual-chamber modes are specifically indicated for: conduction disorders that require restoration of AV synchrony, including varying degrees of AV block; VVI intolerance (eg, pacemaker syndrome) in the presence of persistent sinus rhythm.
Pacemakers are contraindicated for the following patients under the circumstances listed: patients with unipolar pacing leads or in MV mode with an implanted ICD because it may cause unwanted delivery or inhibition of ICD therapy; use of the MV sensor in patients with only unipolar leads, because a bipolar lead is required in either the atrium or the ventricle for MV detection (INSIGNIA™ Plus, ALTRUA™ 20/40); MV mode in patients with both unipolar atrial and ventricular leads (INSIGNIA™ Ultra, ALTRUA™ 60); single-chamber atrial pacing in patients with impaired AV nodal conduction; atrial tracking modes for patients with chronic refractory atrial tachyarrhythmias, which might trigger ventricular pacing; dual-chamber and single-chamber atrial pacing in patients with chronic refractory atrial tachyarrhythmias; asynchronous pacing in the presence (or likelihood) of competition between paced and intrinsic rhythms.
Read the product labeling thoroughly before implanting the pulse generator to avoid damage to the system. For single use only-do not resterilize devices. Inappropriate sustained high-rate pacing occurred in the PULSAR™ MAX clinical study in 5 out of 130 patients with MV ON, 4 to 14 days after implant. If sustained high-rate pacing could be of concern, consider programming a reduced Max Sensor Rate or MV to Passive. These programming recommendations are intended to assure that MV calibration is evaluated and, if necessary, recalibrated (4 →ON) when the patient and pacing system have stabilized post implant. Continued monitoring of the MV sensor performance should be performed at all follow-up visits until implant stabilization has occurred.
For specific information on precautions, refer to the following sections of the product labeling: MV sensor calibration at implant; clinical considerations; sterilization, storage and handling; lead evaluation and connection; implantation; programming and pacemaker operation; MV initialization; environmental and medical therapy hazards; elevated pressure; explanted pacemakers. Advise patients to avoid sources of electric or magnetic interference (EMI). If the pacemaker inhibits or reverts to asynchronous operation at the programmed pacing rate or at the magnet rate while in the presence of the EMI, moving away from the source or turning it off will usually allow the pulse generator to return to its normal mode of operation.
Potential adverse events include, but are not limited to, the following: allergic/physical/physiologic reaction, death, erosion/migration, lead or accessory breakage (fracture/insulation/lead tip), hematoma/seroma, inappropriate or inability to provide therapy (pacing/sensing), infection, procedure related, and component failure. In rare cases severe complications or device failures can occur.
Refer to the product labeling for specific indications, contraindications, warnings/precautions and adverse events. Rx only. (Rev. S)