Symptoms and Diagnosis
What are the symptoms?
Most women (50-80%) do not experience any symptoms with fibroids or polyps. However, three common symptoms for women with significant fibroids are:
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
- Heavy, prolonged menstrual periods (can include clots)
Note: Abnormal uterine bleeding can have many causes, including – but not limited to – fibroids.
- Increased menstrual cramping
- Pelvic pain or discomfort
- Pain in the back, sides or legs
- Pain during intercourse
- Frequent urination due to pressure on bladder
- Constipation due to pressure on bowels
- Bloating or distention of the abdomen
The presence and severity of these symptoms will depend on the location, size and number of fibroids.
How are fibroids diagnosed?
Usually, uterine fibroids and polyps are first diagnosed during a pelvic exam performed by your gynecologist or primary care doctor. The pelvic exam allows the doctor to check the size of your uterus. If it feels enlarged, your doctor may send you for an ultrasound examination or MRI. These exams can detect if fibroids or polyps are present, as well as determine their precise location and size.