- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations or feeling of rapid heartbeat
- Failure of the heart to pump enough blood to the body
- In Primary or Degenerative MR, there is a structural issue with the valve, meaning the valve itself is not working correctly. This can be caused by birth defects, illness such as rheumatic fever or endocarditis, or valve degradation due to age.
- In Secondary or Functional MR, the valve structure is normal, however there is damage to the heart muscle due to heart disease, causing the ventricle or the atrium to enlarge, which pulls apart the leaflets.
Potential risks of this procedure should be discussed with your physician.
1 Nkomo VT, Gardin JM, Skelton TN, et al. The Lancet. Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study. 2006;368:1005-11.