Medication

Alpha blockers

Common resources indicate this type of medication helps to relax the muscles in the bladder and prostate, allowing urine to flow more freely. Most men see improvements in a couple of days. But some also experience side effects such as dizziness or a decrease in ejaculation.1 Common alpha blockers include generic and brand names:

5-alpha reductase inhibitors

These drugs are designed to stop the growth of the prostate or even shrink its size – by lowering the production of the hormone DHT. But they can lower sex drive and cause erectile dysfunction. It can take three to six months for symptom relief.2 Commonly known drugs include:

Tadalafil (Cialis™)

It’s known as an effective treatment for erectile dysfunction but is also used to treat symptoms of BPH.

Surgical treatment

Prostatic urethral lift (PUL)

This procedure utilises permanent implants to lift and hold the enlarged prostate tissue out of the way, so it no longer blocks the urethra.

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

This procedure involves use of a heated wire to cut tissue from the prostate and has been used for years to treat an enlarged prostate. 

Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)

One or two small cuts are made in the prostate gland, making it easier for urine to pass through the urethra.

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)

Microwave energy from the electrode destroys the inner portion of the enlarged prostate gland, shrinking it and easing urine flow.

Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA)

A scope is passed into the urethra to place needles into the prostate gland. Radio waves pass through the needles, heating and destroying excess prostate tissue that's blocking urine flow.

Open prostatectomy

This procedure involves removal of the inner part of the prostate through incisions made in the abdomen.

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