What is congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart disease involves problems with the heart’s structure that are present at birth, affecting 8 of every 1000 newborns.1
What are the causes and risk factors of congenital heart disease?
The causes of congenital heart disease often are not known, but genetic and environmental factors may play a role.
What are the symptoms of a congenital heart defect?
Many congenital heart defects have few or no symptoms.
How is congenital heart disease diagnosed?
While serious congenital heart defects are generally identified during pregnancy or soon after birth, less severe defects are not diagnosed until children are older.
How is congenital heart disease treated?
Doctors repair many congenital heart defects with catheter procedures or surgery.
What is it like to have a congenital heart disease?
The outlook for a child who has a congenital heart defect is much better today than in the past. Advances in testing and treatment mean that most children who have heart defects survive to adulthood and are able to live active, productive lives.
Many of these children need only occasional checkups with a cardiologist (heart specialist) as they grow up and go through adult life.
Children who have complex heart defects need long-term, special care by trained specialists. This will help them stay as healthy as possible and maintain a good quality of life.