About Fibroids and Polyps

What are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are usually non-cancerous tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus (womb). Other medical terms for fibroids are “leiomyomas” or “myomas.” These uterine growths are fairly common. Many women have fibroids at some point in their lives. Some of the time, these uterine growths go unnoticed because they do not cause pain or discomfort. However, some growths may lead to problems such as heavy or prolonged periods or other symptoms.

Doctors often describe fibroids based on their location:

  • Pedunculated fibroids are inside or outside of the uterus and are attached to the uterus by a base or stalk
  • Submucosal fibroids extend into the uterine cavity
  • Intramural fibroids are in the uterine wall
  • Subserosal fibroids extend outside of the uterine wall

Uterine Fibroid Locations Uterine Fibroid Locations

What are Endometrial Polyps?

Endometrial polyps, also known as uterine polyps, are tissue growths extending from the inner lining of the uterus, which is called the endometrium. Polyps are usually non-cancerous, although some polyps may be or become cancerous.


What are the Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids?

Abnormal uterine bleeding that may include heavy menstrual periods, spotting between menses, or painful and/or prolonged menstrual periods.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Pressure in the pelvic area
  • Fullness or pressure in the belly
  • Lower back and leg pain
  • Pain during sex
  • An urge to urinate often
  • Difficulty in getting pregnant


What are the Symptoms of Endometrial Polyps?

Irregular menstrual bleeding that may include frequent, unpredictable periods.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Difficulty in getting pregnant