Cardiomyopathy affects the heart muscle itself. “Cardio” means heart and “myopathy” means muscle disease. There are several types of cardiomyopathy. The two most common forms are dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
People with cardiomyopathy often go on to develop more serious heart conditions:
- Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) can often progress into heart failure.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) can lead to rapid heart rhythms and even sudden cardiac death.
- Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD), a rare form of cardiomyopathy in which heart muscle is replaced with fat, reducing the heart's ability to pump blood.
Get Treatment if Needed
Both dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to more serious heart conditions — such as heart failure and sudden cardiac death.
Your doctor can tell you if you have DCM or are at risk for HCM. Knowing your risks is the first step toward getting treated. And the proper treatment can often help you live a longer, better life.